Nouakchott Mauritania History

The town of Nouakchott was founded in 1659 by the indigenous peoples of the surrounding region and in 1973 the Banque Centrale de Mauritanie. Mauritania was then founded and after the country gained independence in the 1960s, the capital, Nouakchott, was refounded. The history of this city and its surrounding regions begins with the founding by the indigenous people of Mauritius in 1659 and then with the founding of an independent state in 1961.

During the colonial period, the population remained nomadic and the Moors, whose ancestors had been expelled centuries earlier, began to sneak back into southern Mauritania. French colonial documents from 1933, some of which lived on the "Mauritanian side" of Senegal, may be the ones that left Mauritiana. After commercial slavery was officially abolished and nations were not honored when necessary, British traders withdrew from Mauritius and settled in Senegal before surrendering to the French. After leaving Mauritania, they were able to live in a number of towns such as Nouakchott and the capital.

They reached Mauritania by moving to the area north of the Senegal River and then from the south to Nouakchott. They reached the Mauritanian side of Senegal and later Mauritiana after moving to the areas north and south of it.

After Mauritania gained independence in the 1960 "s, it absorbed large numbers of immigrants from neighboring countries like Senegal and Mali to fill a labor shortage. A similar number were repatriated from Senegal, including small traders who had never lived in Mauritania, and some of the up to 100,000 people born in Senegal who never lived there were subsequently expelled from Mauritiana or returned to their homes. Mauritania has taken in Tuareg refugees from Mali, while deporting its black citizens to Mali and Senegal. More recently, Mauritanians have taken in refugees who have escaped the civil war, including the Tuargs who fled Mali in 2012, and the descendants of Mauritians.

Mauritania has experienced five coups since independence from France in the 1960s and has been led for much of this period by military rulers. President Moktar Ould Daddah, originally installed by the French, reformed Mauritania from an authoritarian one-party state to a democratic state under his presidency. In 2012, he formalized it with a new constitution that established the authoritarian presidential system. During his term of office, he was elected for a second term by the military ruler Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who had led Mauritanian politics since the end of World War II.

He won a seat in the 1959 parliamentary elections and ruled until 1978, but was overthrown in a coup in 1978 by military ruler Abdelaziz Bouteflika and his son Abdelkader.

Meanwhile, Arab nomadic tribes such as the Moors and Moors and their descendants moved to Mauritania in the 14th and 15th centuries. By the 17th century, the complete dominance of the Berbers was established and imperial France absorbed the territory of Mauritius. Meanwhile, a rivalry between the European powers allowed the Arab Berber population (the "Moors" and "Moors") to maintain their independence and later receive an annual payment from France, whose sovereignty over Senegal and the Mauritian coast was recognized by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 as "French sovereignty" over the entire Senegal from the river to its coast. In the late 19th century, beginning with the death of Moroccan King Abdallah II and his son Abdelkader, imperial France absorbed all of Mauritania.

In the eleventh century the once small people of the Bafour had become a very large and rich Soninke empire (later called Ghana empire), which extended from Mauritania to the neighboring states of Senegal and Mali. The Sanhadja Confederation, as it was later called, monopolized trade routes between Senegal, Mali, Ghana, and other parts of Africa.

The Liberation Forces of Mauritania Africans, part of which formed the National Liberation Front of Africa (Front des Liberationes Nationales de l'Africans de la Nouakchott) is facing a formidable challenge from the African Union (AU) and the United Nations (UN).

Although Mauritania officially abolished slavery in 1980, the nation continues to tolerate the enslavement of blacks and North African Arabs. Given that it is an "Arab" country, a schism has developed between those who seek a dominant role for the peoples of sub-Saharan Africa and those who do not. The line was drawn between the aristocrat - dominated governments and black African slaves - and the descendants of slaves who adopted a "Moorish" culture and remain second-class citizens to others. Although it only made slavery a criminal offence in 2007, it was one of the last countries to abolish slavery, in 1981.

Mauritania became a French colony in 1920 and gained its independence from France on 28 November 1960. It was admitted to the United Nations in 1961. France established the territory as a colonial territory in 1904, and during World War II Mauritania and the rest of French West Africa were involved in reforms of the French colonial system, culminating in independence in 1960. French dominance in the area was maintained until the 1960s, when it gained its independence.

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More About Nouakchott